The Best Weed Butter Recipe

Weed Butter Recipe

For medical cannabis patients who deal with a lot of pain, a really strong edible is often the only thing that will provide relief.

A really strong edible often requires cannabutter, and a strong butter at that.

Not all edible recipes call for butter, as some call for raw cannabis, cannabis milk, cannabis coconut butter, etc. 

But for the most part, knowing how to make marijuana butter is important as it’s the starting point for most cannabis recipes. 

Many different methods exist to make cannabis butter, and there is no “right way.”

You can find out How To Make Firecracker here!

Why is This the Best Cannabutter Recipe?

When making cannabis edibles, I aim to make something that is…

  • easy to make with what you have at home – you just need cannabis, butter, and a stove
  • efficiently captures THC and other cannabinoids from your cannabis
  • a lot of unnecessary green plant matter is filtered out of the butter, which results in far less cannabis taste and smell than many other cannabutter recipes (even though the potency is the same or greater!)

The best cannabis edibles start with potent cannabutter (or canna oil) that produce great effects with as little “weed taste” as possible. So when setting out to find the best marijuana butter recipe to support the best cannabis edible, I kept these factors in mind.

This is what a pound of weed butter looks like. Use it like regular butter in any recipe to experience the magic.

Weed Butter Recipe

Butter or Coconut Oil?

There are two really popular oils/fats to use for making edibles, and they’re both competing for the top spot. They are butter and coconut oil. Coconut oil may be healthier and has a mild taste that goes well with baked goods. Coconut seems to help cover up the cannabis flavor and I have used it for making superb canna caps. But some people don’t like coconut or are allergic to it.

Butter also has a great taste (in my opinion) and is easier to work with when it comes to baking since you can do a straight substitution for regular butter. I decided to go with butter (i.e. cannabutter) in this tutorial because that is what I started with for making baked goods and other edibles, and it works great!

How to make cannabis-infused butter (or ‘cannabutter’)

Butter is a delicious and versatile carrier for THC and other cannabinoids, although it isn’t the only one. You can also use coconut oil, olive oil, or any other fatty oil for your infusions. Just keep in mind, butter burns easily, so keep a close eye on your cannabutter as it cooks.

Ingredients

  • 1 cup of butter
  • 1 cup (7-10 grams) of ground cannabis, decarboxylated

The essential (and often missed) first step: Decarboxylating the cannabis

Weed Butter Recipe

Before making your cannabutter, you’ll need to decarboxylate, or “decarb”, the cannabis flower you’re working with. Skipping this step will result in a weak or inactive finished product. Here’s why: Cannabis buds produce a non-intoxicating acidic cannabinoid called THCA. When we smoke or vaporize cannabis, the heat converts THCA into THC, the molecule that delivers euphoric effects. If preparing CBD edibles, this same process should be applied.

Before making your cannabutter, you’ll need to decarboxylate, or “decarb”, the cannabis flower you’re working with. Skipping this step will result in a weak or inactive finished product. Here’s why: Cannabis buds produce a non-intoxicating acidic cannabinoid called THCA. When we smoke or vaporize cannabis, the heat converts THCA into THC, the molecule that delivers euphoric effects. If preparing CBD edibles, this same process should be applied.

Some recipes may instruct you to decarb cannabis in the hot butter directly, but the less time you spend soaking the buds, the better your infused butter is going to taste. For this reason, we recommend decarbing in the oven first.

  1. Decarb the cannabis. Preheat your oven to 245ºF. Place cannabis buds on a non-stick, oven-safe tray. Cover the tray with parchment paper to prevent sticking. Insert the tray into the oven and set a timer for 30-40 minutes. Older, drier cannabis may require less time. (Tip: you can also set your oven to 300ºF and heat for 10 to 18 minutes, although low-and-slow is the recommended approach when decarbing to better preserve the cannabinoids.) Every 10 minutes, gently mix the buds with a light shake of the tray to expose the surface area of the buds equally.
  2. Grind. Grind the decarboxylated cannabis coarsely with a hand grinder.
  3. Melt the butter. Add 1 cup of water and 1 cup of butter into a stock pot or saucepan. Simmer on low and let the butter melt. Adding water helps to regulate the temperature and prevents the butter from scorching.
  4. Add the cannabis. As the butter begins to melt, add in your coarsely ground cannabis product.
  5. Simmer. Maintain low heat (ideally above 160ºF but never exceeding 200ºF) and let the mixture simmer for 2 to 3 hours, stirring occasionally. The mixture should never come to a full boil.
  6. Strain the cannabutter. Set a funnel on top of a jar and line it with cheesecloth. Once the butter has cooled off, pour it over the cheesecloth funnel and allow it to strain freely. (Tip: Squeezing the cheesecloth may push more bad-tasting plant material through).
  7. Refrigerate the jar of butter. If excess water forms at the bottom of the jar, you can remove the solid butter with a knife and drain the water out. (The butter will need to refrigerate for about an hour before removing the water.)
  8. Dose carefully. Refer to dosing information below before adding your butter to any snacks, dishes, or desserts.

Directions for slow cooker

  1. Grind your cannabis coarsely with a hand grinder. (Tip: A coffee grinder will finely pulverize the flower and prevent effective straining of bad-tasting plant material.)
  2. Set your slow cooker to low, or somewhere around 160ºF. (Tip: Avoid exceeding 200ºF to prevent burning or wasting cannabinoids. You can also add a little water to help prevent scorching.)
  3. Add the butter and ground cannabis. Stir occasionally.
  4. After about 3 hours, turn off the crockpot and wait for the butter to cool.
  5. Strain as above. 

Top 5 Mistakes to Avoid When Cooking with Cannabis

1. Not Decarboxylating the Cannabis

The Problem: You can’t cook raw cannabis. Not only does it taste terrible, but it has no active THC. Raw cannabis contains THC-acid, but the acid requires heat to be converted into bioavailable THC.

Decarboxylation makes this process possible. Some users skip decarboxylation before making butter because the infusion process automatically heats and activates the cannabis—to an extent. If you want to get the maximum THC extraction, though, and experience the maximum potency, you should always decarboxylate before cooking up your infusion.

The Solution: There are multiple ways to decarboxylate your cannabis prior to cooking. For best results, grind up your THC (see mistake #2 below) over a cooking sheet and roast it in the oven. One hour at 230 degrees Fahrenheit should do the trick.

2. Over-Grinding

The Problem: A quality hand grinder makes it easy to break down your bud before cooking. This is an essential part of the cooking process, but some people go a bit overboard with the grinding.

Contrary to popular myth, grinding your cannabis into powder will not increase the amount of THC or improve your high. It just means that more of the plant material gets into your recipe, giving it a much more bitter taste.

The Solution: When using your hand grinder to break up your cannabis, be mindful of the consistency. You want the finished product to look similar to dried oregano, not powder. Those hairs and stems contain a lot of the THC, so you want to preserve them as much as possible.

3. Using Too Much Cannabis When Cooking With Marijuana

The Problem: Make sure you’re not using too much medical cannabis in your recipes to avoid getting too strong of a high. Just because you’re used to smoking a certain strain or volume of cannabis doesn’t mean that you can comfortably eat the same amount. Edibles take more time to ramp up, and while it would be near impossible to overdose on marijuana, too much of it can definitely cause you to have a bad experience.

On the contrary, marijuana edibles have a completely different delivery system. The THC is absorbed through the bloodstream rather than the respiratory system, which means the drug takes longer to work but has a much more potent effect.

The Solution: Finding the right concentration takes practice. For starters, think conservatively. Less is more. When cooking cannabis butter, start by mixing ¼ oz. bud with a pound of butter. Use cannabis with about 15% THC (see the full recipe below). Before mixing the butter into any other recipes, taste it to test the potency. Once you know firsthand how strong it is, you’ll have a better idea of how liberal or conservative to be with the butter.

4. Infusing Cannabutter Without Water

The Problem: When cooking cannabis butter, some people just mix the butter with the marijuana and neglect to add water to the saucepan. While it is possible to get a quality infusion without water, it’s not a good idea to try.

Water keeps the temperature down and helps prevent the butter from burning. Burnt cannabis butter tastes terrible and has no potency since THC starts to degrade at around 250 degrees Fahrenheit (121 degrees Celsius). Water also washes out any unwanted green coloration and prevents the product from having an herbal flavor.

The Solution: When cooking your cannabis butter, maintain at least a 50:50 ratio of water to butter. An even better ratio is 60:40. If you notice that the water evaporates during cooking, or the temperature of the butter reaches close to 250 degrees Fahrenheit, add a bit more water to the infusion.

5. Limiting Your Marijuana Cooking to Baked Goods

The Problem: When you mention marijuana edibles, most people immediately think of cookies and brownies. These are excellent—and easy—products to make, but there’s a whole world of edible opportunities outside of baked goods. In fact, the herbal nature of cannabis lends itself to more savory and spicy dishes including chili, roasted potatoes, and chicken wraps.

The Solution: Research cannabis recipes online. Check out the growing body of cannabis cookbooks on the market. If you’re already making your own cannabis butter, look for ways to incorporate it into existing recipes. When deciding how much of the butter to use, follow the serving ratios outlined in #3 above.

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